Lille city and visitor guide

Discover the Lille and Roubaix area

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 Lille - once the industrial capital of France

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Plan of Lille-Roubaix
Lille and Roubaix - connected by metro and tram routes
Lille is to France what Manchester is to England – the regional capital and powerhouse of what was in the past the nation's industrial heartland.
   The capital city of French Flanders was, until the 1950s, at the heart of a thriving industrial area, built up around three of the great sectors of the industrial age, coal, machinery and textiles. The last coal mine in the Nord - Pas-de-Calais area closed in 1990, but since before then  the area's towns and cities have been looking for ways to move on to a new post-industrial economy.  
    The conurbation of Lille, Roubaix and Tourcoing has moved on considerably. Lying right on the Belgian border, and at the junction of three new high-speed rail routes, Lille in particular has positioned itself as a new European hub, a city that is less than an hour and a half by high-speed train from London, Brussels and Paris, and ideal location for international companies, importers and exporters.
    To attract new business, the conurbation had to modernise.  In 1983 it became the fourth city in France to open a metro (underground railway), and now has the second most extensive metro system in France, after Paris. Lille's metro might have come sooner were it not for the fact that Lille was also one of the two cities in France to have kept its trams going, so already had a tram network at a time when other sities were thinking of rebuilding networks that had long since closed.
    The city also took drastic measures to rid itself of the old reputation of being a dirty industrial city: redundant industrial buildings were pulled down or renovated as office blocks, and the city centre, around the splendid Flemish-styled Great Square (la Grande Place) was cleaned up and pedestrianised.
   Lille can be visited on foot, or by bus (run by the Tourist office) , by minivan  by open-top 2CV, by bike or by Segway. There are guided tours departing from near the Tourist Office. During the week (Mon to Fri) there are even Free walking tours of old Lille.
    The conurbation now promotes itself as a centre for the arts, having no less than three top quality art galleries. The Lille Palais des Beaux Arts is one of the best and most complete provincial art galleries in France, and includes works by  Raphael,  Rembrandt, Van Dyck,  Goya, El Greco, David, Corot, Courbet, Delacroix, Rubens, Manet, Seurat and Picasso and more.
   Located in Villeneuve d'Ascq (Metro 1) the "LaM" or Lille Metropolitan area museum of modern and contemporary art, is one of the best in France, and has a wide collection of paintings and sculpture including works by Braque, Picasso, Klee, Kandinski, Miro and Modigliani. Many of the sculptures are located outside the museum, in the landscaped grounds.
  The Piscine (Swimming pool) art gallery in Roubaix (Metro 2, Tramway R)  is the most original of the three pajor galleries in the Lille area. It is housed in and around  the town's former Art Deco public swimming pool, opened in 1932 ... which is now a feature of the museum - surrounded by sculptures. La Piscine houses a substantial collection of 19th century and early 20th century French painting and sculpture including works by Fantin-Latour, Ingres, Bastien Lepage, and many lesser-known artists.
  An art-lovers trip to Lille is incomplete without a visit to one or two outlying art galleries, either the Louvre Lens, a subsidiary of the Paris Louvre in the former mining city of Lens, or else a trip to the Matisse Museum in the small town of Le Catteau which is a bit further away.

Tourist attractions in Lille

The Lille tourist information office is located between the Grand Place and the Palais des Beaux Arts fine arts museum.  Address: 3 rue Rihour, opposite what remains of the 15th century Palais Rihour
Piscine gallery Roubaix
Piscine art gallery - Roubaix

Places to visit near Lille

     Not particularly sought-after by tourists, the area within 60 km of Lille - about an hour's drive or less -  is nonetheles home to plenty of interesting sights For more things to see in the area, check out the Nord–Pas-de-Calais area guide


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Location and access

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Photo top of page : the Grande Place in Lille, in the Flemish style

Key tourist information for Lille :

: Hauts de France: area  Nord - Pas-de-Calais
Nearby cities: Dunkirk, Calais, Ghent, Brussels
Nearest airports: Paris Charles de Gaulle
Population:  Just over a million.
Main sites: The Grand Place, the zoo, the Lille art gallery, the Lille modern art gallery, the Piscine gallery in Roubaix, the industrial heritage.
Nearby attractions: The Louvre Lens - an outpost of the Louvre in a nearby former mining town. Includes some major works from the Paris Louvre.  Bruges, with its canals,
Location Lille

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Bell tower in nearby Arras

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