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Studying in France

Going to university in France - the thematic guide to France

Page index: Choosing a course A year in France
Apply and enrol in a French university French language courses: Learn French in France Tuition fees

Click here for general information on the French higher education system.

Going to university in France ...

Most universities in the UK and the USA are run for profit on commercial lines, and many graduates emerge saddled with enormous debts. French universities  are run as part of the basic state education system, and for the great majority of students annual fees vary between 170 € end 243 €.

Tuition fees 2021-2022 : 

Basic standard student tuition fees in France for 2021-2022 are :

Nationality Licence Master + student life fee
French 170 € 243 € 92 €
EU + Switzerland + EEA 170 € 243 € 92 €
Other foreign students 2770 € 3770 € 92 €

Fees are higher and more varied for specialist diplomas and other postgraduate studies, but generally considerably less than the fees charged by UK and American  universities.

   Add to this subsidised student restaurants, cheap public transport, subsidised halls of residence, and what are you waiting for ? If you can get by reasonably well in French, there's a whole alternative university system waiting for you ! And in French universities there are no caps on student numbers, except in certain courses such as Medicine.   If you can't get by reasonably well in French, there are even some Masters taught largely in English (though fees may be a bit higher on these). Or else get learning French fast!!

     Information below concerns universities: it does not concern "Grandes Ecoles", a peculiarly French system of specialist super-universities, most of which are both very expensive and selective.

Language schools: There are hundreds of language schools offering French for foreigners.   Full details are given below.

► Full time studies - enrolling in a French university 

The preliminaries - Choosing a course - Choosing a university

Who can apply, and how?
  • For prospective students from non-European Union countries, For enrolment as a first-year undergraduate, you must apply through the French Embassy in your country or through the French universities international admissions website CampusFrance. .To enrol directly in the third or higher levels of university, apply directly to the university. In all cases, visa requirements may apply.
  • For school-leavers with  E.U. or Swiss nationality , enrolling in a French university is usually quite simple – just as long as you have a reasonable command of French.  We recommend that prospective students should take one of the officially recognised proficiency tests in French such as the DALF.  For more on this contact the French Institute or Alliance Française in your country. (Click for French Institute in UK). Some universities may require this; others - specially smaller ones that are keen to attract students - will not be too bothered.
        France has recently set up an online application system similar basically to UCAS, but free. The "Parcours-sup" website, which is of course in French only, is an online portal where sixth-formers (final year high school students) can apply to any French university, and many other higher education courses in France. For university admission, this online application is optional; it is obligatory for many specialist and vocational further/higher  education courses, such as courses in IUTs.  
       As with UCAS, sixth-formers should  apply before taking their A levels or equivalent. The Admission-Postbac portal is open for preliminary applications from 20th January to 20th March or thereabouts. Filling in the form is not too complicated as long as your French is good. However the system also accepts late applications, from 20th June to 20th September. checked out the working of this system, and our applicant was provisionally accepted into a large French university within 50 minutes, as would have been the case for any French student having just passed their baccalauréat.. Since, with a few exceptions, there is no restriction on the number of students enrolling in first year at university, your application should automatically be provisionally accepted. (EU rules demand equal treatment for all EU nationals).
  • Once A level (or other high school graduation) results have been obtained (for A levels, you should probably have to have passes in at least three subjects), you then have to follow up your online application, or preferably write to, or go to, the university and UFR (faculty) in which you wish to enrol, and request a "dossier d'inscription" (enrolment forms) and a "demande de validation des acquis" (to obtain official French validation of your UK diplomas), or fill in the documents online. While your application is being processed, contact the university's International office for information about accommodation, etc, and then come along at the start of term. 

But befrore you bin that UCAS form, weigh up the pros and the cons of packing up your bags and heading across the Channel for three years or more on the other side.

The Pros and the Cons of studying in France

The Cons:
  • You've got to be fairly competent in French before you start; so unless you already are, you'll probably need to spend a gap year in France, getting competent in the French language. That, however, will give you a chance to get the know the country first, and decide if you really are ready for the big plunge. It will also give you the chance to check out on a few universities.
  • Depending on the course you follow, you may find that it does not really help you find a job in the UK afterwards. That depends very much on what you study. On the other hand, UK employers recruit large numbers of graduates with foreign qualifications, so there is a fair amount of opportunity.
  • You'll be living a long way from home. But with low-cost flights available to and from many French university cities, particularly outside holiday periods, that may not be too much of a problem. But take care... students acquire a lot of luggage, and excess baggage can be expensive.
  • Less social life on campus. French universities are really mostly about studying, and far less about campus life than UK universities. There are lots of hours of classes each week, and the going can be tough. There is a high dropout (or chuckout) rate – though generally speaking if you are ready to work hard and put in the hours, or you're brilliant, you'll sail through.
  • The administrative hassle; in any country, administrative hassle is greater for foreigners than for locals, and France is no exception.

The Pros.
  • The cost! Tuition fees are about £180 per year in French universities (2018 prices), and student residences and restaurants are heavily subsidised. Public transport in French cities is half the price of the equivalent in British cities, or less. And if you want social life, of course the wine and the restaurants are relatively cheap too.
         Note that the standard tuition fees apply in all French universities; they do not however apply in the "Grandes Ecoles" (specialist undergraduate or postgraduate schools), in schools of commerce or other private institutions authorised to award degrees or their equivalents. 
  • The experience gained.  After 3 years in a French university, you'll be virtually bilingual – a skill that is very useful in a country like the UK where so few people speak a second European language properly. Besides, if you want to get a job with international prospects and travel, experience of living in at least two countries for good lengths of time is always a bonus on any CV.
  • The chance to study in a UK university for one year of your course, without paying exorbitant UK tuition fees! Indeed, if you enrol in a course that has a Socrates or Erasmus link with a UK university, you may be able to  come over to the UK for a year (subject to availability of places) and study as a "French" student back home! What's more, you should  get a grant !  Further details below

Choosing a course

One thing not to choose is "English"….. or at least, not unless your aim is to become a secondary school teacher in France or in England. The UK graduate teacher training programme currently recruits in French universities, so if you want to become a qualified secondary school teacher in the UK, you can get into the system with a degree from a French university as easily as with one for a UK institution.
       If you have a bent for languages, and have A level in French and Spanish or French and another language, try "LEA" (Langues Etrangères Appliquées - Applied foreign languages), which is a joint degree course run in about 50 universities, and is basically two languages and business. The business content tends to vary from university to university, but it can be quite substantial, and graduates are well placed for applying for management jobs in the international departments of companies in the UK or France, or an MBA or a specialised masters course in the field of business. Here is a selection of links to university LEA departments: Aix-en-Provence, AvignonBesançon , Clermont FerrandLa Rochelle.

Otherwise, if you are looking for an arts qualification, why not study for a degree in French (called "Lettres" in France) or (French) history. This is certainly a good preparation if you want to become a French teacher back in the UK; and even if you do not, your bilingualism will be a big asset if you complete your French degree with some short postgraduate professional qualification.

There's no point in studying law, unless you want to work in international law.

Economics courses tend to be far more theoretical than in the UK system.

Science courses are fine – but as with many courses in French universities, you may find yourself rather swamped in first year classes, which are often less specialised than in UK universities.

Medicine courses take at least five years, and though there are plenty of places in first year, the fight for places in second year and beyond can be serious!

Other subjects that can be studied equally well in the UK or in France include geography, sociology, linguistics, pharmacology, and various other less common disciplines.

ECTS and Brexit : In spite of Brexit, the UK has not left the  European Higher Education Area, and the European ECTS system, with international recognition of credits, will continue to apply. French credits remain valid in the UK, and UK credits remain valid in France. That at least is the theory, and a principle that French universities tend to respect.

Which University?

Click here for List of French universities  and website links

Points to consider:

a) Transport connections   b) Size of university and town
Click here for list of French towns and cities ranked by population
Click here for an overview of Higher education in France

Almost all French university cities are easily accessible from the UK either by low-cost flight, or by Eurostar, with connections to the French TGV system at Lille. You can connect at Lille (same platform) to direct TGV's from Besançon in the east to Rennes in the west. But if you plan on driving back and forth to the UK, you'll be better off staying within 400 miles of Calais. that puts you within 8 hours drive of London. That puts the limit at an arc running through Strasbourg, Besançon, Dijon, Poitiers, Angers and Rennes.

Which university town ?
In short, the answer for most candidates will be "anywhere but Paris".
While a degree from the Sorbonne carries weight, getting into the Sorbonne can be hard, as Paris universities operate a redistribution system for excess candidates. You may apply for the Sorbonne, then be told you have to study at "Nanterre", a sprawling campus in the northern suburbs, between high rise housing estates and railway tracks. Paris has more than a dozen universities, most of them in the suburbs; so if you really want to study in Paris, apply rather to another central university (such as Paris III, good for languages), or to one of the more attractive suburban universities such as Creteil. And be warned, accommodation in Paris is not cheap! Even for students!

Try a provincial French university
Studying in the SpringAs a foreign student, you will find it easier integrating into French student life and society by enrolling in a provincial university. There are big universities in big cities like Lyons, Lille or Toulouse. There are big universities in medium-big  cities like Bordeaux, Grenoble, Montpellier, Rennes, Nancy and Strasbourg. And there are smaller universities in a lot of lesser known, but attractive, regional centres such as Aix-en-Provence, Amiens, Angers, Avignon, Besançon, Caen, Clermont Ferrand, Dijon, Orleans, Le Mans, Limoges, Nice, Pau, Poitiers, etc. In many respects, it is in the smallest university towns that integration is easiest.
  Among the smallest and most user-friendly French universities are the university of La Rochelle in the Charentes, and Champollion university in Albi, Midi-Pyrenees.

A word of warning however… Universities in the south of France get a lot of applications from foreign students, and thus tend to be less responsive, and less generous in the way they treat them. There are accommodation shortages for students in many towns, and in recent years they have affected, among others, Aix en Provence, Montpellier and Grenoble.

So if you're interested, get onto the universities' websites, read up about them, write (in French) to the department you are interested in, and even go over and visit.
Let's build tomorrow's Europe today. What are you waiting for?

Differences between French and UK universities:

French universities have a different ethos to UK universities; they are run on much tighter budgets, and they are less concerned about "prestige" than UK universities. There are few French universities in the "Top 100" rankings of worldwide or European universities because, to put it bluntly, they do not have the research funding that so-called "top" universities have. Their mission is not principally to turn out small elites of research students, but to educate as many students as possible to a good first degree level, and increasingly to the level of a Masters degree; and on this score (which is not measured by any international league tables) they do relatively well.
     That is not to say that French universities do not have good research laboratories; they do, and the French government is keen tosupport more findamental and practical research in French universities. On the other hand, given the relatively limited funding available to many French university research laboratories, they often produce surprisingly good results.

► A year in a French university 

Information about Erasmus, as far as students from UK universities is concerned, is currently very uncertain as a result of Brexit.
While UK universities dearly wanted to continue with full participation in the Erasmus programme, the UK has left the Erasmus Programme, and the home-made Turing prgramme does not provide the same opportunities nor the same partnerships
  However, UK students who wish to can always apply to a French university, going through the normal channels. With tuition fees a fraction of what they are in the UK, a year in a French university is likely to cost much less than a year in a UK university, even when no Erasmus funding is available.

There is plenty of opportunity for students from universities in other European Union countries to undertake a year of their degree course in a French university, under the Erasmus programme. But in order to benefit from this EU funded programme, and the grants that go with it, a student must be enrolled in a university department (or faculty) that has an Erasmus  link with a French university department. The Erasmus programme operates on the basis of bilateral exchanges betwen university departments, and in most cases French universities will only enroll students who are sent as an officially recognised Erasmus student by a partner institution.
  Note that most French Grandes Ecoles also participate in the Erasmus programme, so it is even possible in some cases to study for a year in one of these elite institutions instead of a year in a French university. However Erasmus programmes involving Grandes Ecoles tend only to be found in top-ranking UK and European universities

In the absence of an appropriate departmental Erasmus programme, it is often possible for students to take up unused places available in other departments; but this is entirely discretionary, and each department and university has its own rules.

If you plan to study chemistry at university, but like the idea of a year in France, it is would be a good idea to find out first, and apply to a UK chemistry department that has an existing and operating exchange programme with a French university. Generally speaking, UK universities do not fill all the exchange places that they have negotiated with their French partner institutions.
   Note that a year on an Erasmus programme is not a way of saving a year's UK fees; the principle of the whole Erasmus programme is that students always pay fees in their home institution, never in the host institution in which they spend a semester or a year.

Many French universities participate in the ISEP (International student exchange program) scheme, which is a worldwide student exchange program.  Many French universities also have bilateral student exchange agreements with other universities in other parts of the world.

► Language Courses in France

Click here for an overview of the French Language

Before choosing a language course in France, you should ask the following questions:
   1. Paris or provincial France?
   2. Private school or course run by a university or an official organisation?
   3. Course offering accommodation
   4. Private tuition, or very small group, or traditional language school classes
   5. Course offering just tuition, or tuition and cultural and sporting activities.

 Paris or the provinces? Some of the relative advantages and disadvantages of studying in Paris are dealt with above. The disadvantages of Paris are far less when it is a matter of a short stay, and of course with language courses, it is you, the student, who will choose where to study. However, Paris is still a big city, still expensive, and if you are thinking of a summer course in August, remember that Paris can be very hot.

Private school, university or public organisation? Obviously, the choice of locations is far greater if you decide to choose a private school. Some are excellent, but others - notably those that just open for the summer months - may employ relatively inexperienced teachers. If you are thinking of choosing a private school, check its credentials first.
    Apart from private schools, the best-known choice is the Alliance Française, the French equivalent of the British Council, which has been in the business of teaching French and French culture for generations. Then there are three or four reputed centres attached to universities; the Centre de Linguistique Appliquée  at Besançon, CAVILAM at Vichy, and the CAREL at Royan, on the Atlantic coast.
    Schools situated in university towns and cities often have the advantage of being able to offer cheap subsidized student accommodation in halls of residence, notably during the summer vacation period.  There is also hostel accommodation available in most French cities.

For all other criteria, it is best to check out the individual websites of different schools.   Home page -  Site search  -  Regions  -  Maps of France  -  Contact

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►► Discover France....... home
Full site index site search
►► Principal chapters on :
Guide to the regions of France
Beyond Paris, a guide to the French regions and their tourist attractions.
Guide to Paris
Make the most of your trip to Paris; Information on attractions, Paris hotels, transport,  and lots more. 
Tourism in France
The main tourist attractions and places to visit in France - historic monuments, art galleries, seasides, and more
Planning a trip to France 
Information on things to do before starting your trip to France.
Driving in France 
Tips and useful information on driving in and through France - motorways, tolls, where to stay.... 
Maps of France
Cities, towns, departments, regions, climate, wine areas and other themes.
The French way of life 
A mine of information about life and living in France, including working in France, living in France, food and eating, education, shopping.
A-Z dictionary of France
Encyclopedic dictionary of modern France - key figures, institutions, acronyms, culture, icons, etc.
Online French grammar
Designed for university students, a clearly explained French grammar pages, with plenty of examples.
►► other sample pages :
Living in France
Keeping safe in France
Ferries & Channel tunnel to France
Flights to France

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