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 The verb vouloir

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 Modal auxiliary verbs: 2. Vouloir.


Modal auxiliaries alo known as modal verbs, are functional verbs that preceed other verbs in order to frame them as a possibility, an impossibility, an obligation, a requirement, a probability or a wish.
   Traditional French grammars do not generally use the category of modal verbs; but by assimilation with English and in attempt to use a common framework of grammatical terms that can be used across the spectrum of languages, the expression "verbes modaux" is increasingly used in French grammar

Vouloir : meaning

As a modal verb,  vouloir corresponds to the English modal verb want to.  It expresses desire or wish.
In its most basic meaning, Je veux means I want to.
More examples below.

Full conjugation: Vouloir

Table 1
Tenses - indicative

Present
Future
Imperfect
1st Singular. je veux  je voudrai je voulais
2nd Singular tu veux tu voudras tu voulais
3rd Singular il veut il voudra il voulait
1st plural nous voulons nous voudrons nous voulions
2nd plural vous voulez vous voudrez vous vouliez
3rd plural ils veulent ils voudront ils voulaient

Table 2
Tenses - indicative

Preterite (simple past)
Perfect
Pluperfect
1st Singular. je voulus j'ai voulu j'avais voulu
2nd Singular tu voulus tu as voulu tu avais voulu
3rd Singular il voulut il a voulu il avait voulu
1st plural nous voulûmes nous avons voulu nous avions voulu
2nd plural vous voulûtes vous avez voulu vous aviez voulu
3rd plural ils voulurent ils ont voulu ils avaient voulu
Notes: Rare

Table 3
Tenses - indicative

Future perfect
(passé antérieur)
Conditional
Past conditional
1st Singular. j'aurai voulu je voudrais j'aurais voulu
2nd Singular tu auras voulu tu voudrais tu aurais voulu
3rd Singular il aura voulu il voudrait il aurait voulu
1st plural nous aurons voulu nous voudrions nous aurions voulu
2nd plural vous aurez voulu vous voudriez vous auriez voulu
3rd plural ils auront voulu ils voudraient ils auraient voulu
Notes: Rare Meaning "would like to"


Table 4
Imperative and participles

Imperative
Present participle
Past participle
2nd Singular voulant voulu
1st plural
2nd plural
Notes: Modal verbs are not
used in the imperative


Table 5
Tenses - subjunctive

Present
(pass� ant�rieur)
Past or imperfect
Perfect
1st Singular. je veuille je voulusse j'aie voulu
2nd Singular tu veuilles tu voulues tu aies voulu
3rd Singular il veuille il voulût il ait voulu
1st plural nous voulions nous voulussions nous ayons voulu
2nd plural vous vouliez vous voulussiez vous ayez voulu
3rd plural ils veuillent ils volussent ils aient voulu
Notes: Rare

Further subjunctive cases - such as a pluperfect subjunctive ( "j'eusse voulu" ) - can theoretically be formed, though to all intents and purposes these are never used in modern French.

Vouloir : examples of use

1. Veux-tu rentrer à la maison?
   Do you want to go home ?
2. Voulez-vous m'aider s'il vous plaît?
   Would you like to help me please
3. Je voudrais venir demain matin à 10h.
   I  would like to come tomorrow morning at 10.
4. Ils voteront le projet, que tu le veuilles ou non.
   They'll vote for the project whether you like it or not
5. N'ayant pas voulu terminer la course, il a abandonné.
   Having not wanted to finish the race, he abandoned.
6. Il a voulu battre le record du monde.
   He wanted to break the world record..
7. Il est possible qu'il ait voulu atterrir sur la plage.
   He may have wanted / It's possible that he wanted to land on the beach.






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