2010 Monet exhibition in Paris was the Paris" art exhibition of the
but if you missed it, don't worry. Paris still has
the largest collections of works by Monet and the other Impressionists
of any city worldwide. And by far.
- city of the Impressionists
visitors who missed the big exhibition at the Grand Palais, there is
still plenty of opportunity to see works by the greatest of the
Impressionists at other locations in Paris. Even for free !
Marmottan Monet (address
and opening times)
contains the world's largest collection of Monets under a single
roof; the Musée has a permanent display
substantial collection of works not just by Monet, but by other major
Impressionist painters, including Degas, Manet, Renoir,
Pissarro, Gauguin, and Berthe Morisot.
Not far from the Eiffel tower, on the banks of the
Seine, the Musée
contains France's greatest collection of Impressionist art, with
notable works by all the Impressionists, including Renoir, Manet,
Monet, Degas, Van Gogh, Sisley, Pissaro and others. Some of the works
that were on display in the Monet exhibition at the Grand Palais are
now on view again in the Musée d'Orsay where they belong.
In addition to these two locations, there is the Musée de l'Orangerie (address and opening
in the gardens of the Tuileries, which is home to a fine and huge set
of Monet water lilies, as well as works by Renoir, Cézanne,
Matisse, Picasso, Utrillo and others.
Finally, not to be forgotten is the free Musée des Beaux Arts
de la ville
de Paris, the Paris city fine art museum, located just off the Champs Elysées, in the Petit Palais
just round the corner from the Grand Palais, which has a section
devoted to 19th century art, including works by Monet, Sisley and
Pissarro. And it's free.
the father of modern art
Monet has been described as the father of modern
art. France in the
early nineteenth century was the undisputed leader in world art; but as
leaders, its artists were constantly on the search for new paths, new
ways to portray a changing society in ways that would reflect the
spirit of the age. At first it was the Neoclacissists - the followers
of the great classical school of painting embodied by artists like
Ingres and David - aginst the Romantics, led by Delacroix; but for
others, both these schools of art were too staid, too steeped in
Small groups of artists in France (as in England) took
to experimenting with other methods of painting. The painters of the
"Barbizon" school developed outdoor landscape painting, inspired
initially by the English landscape painter John Constable who exhibited
in Paris in 1824; other artists like Gustave Courbet went down the road
of social realism; but it was Monet and
on in their footsteps, who did most to deconstruct the rules of art,
and it was Monet who provided the name by which he and his fellow
artists have come to be known. The Impressionists were resolutely
modern for their time, seizing the opportunity to paint not just
landscapes and people, but all aspects of the changing society in which
they lived. Monet was one of the first artists to find inspiration in
street scenes and railway stations (above: one of his paintings of the
Gare Saint Lazare in Paris).
The name "Impressionism"
was derived from a painting of the port of Le Havre exhibited by Monet
at an exhibition of avant-garde artists in 1874 , and entitled
"Impression soleil levant" - or in English "Impression, sunrise"
(visible at the Musée Marmottan, see below). Writing in the
magazine, art critic Louis Leroy used the word from the title of
Monet's painting to ridicule this unconventional type of art, calling
the group of artists "Impressionists"; and the name stuck.
be wrong to imagine that the Impressionists were a cohesive group of
artists all working together: they were not. Edouard Manet, one of the
elder Impressionists, even objected for a long time to being bracketed
together in artistic terms with Monet and Renoir, and while he was
friends with both these artists, and with other Impressionist painters,
refused to take part in the Impressionist exhibitions organised in the
decade after 1874. The Impressionists were not a united fraternity, and
they were not initially hailed as great painters – rather the
For much of their lives, apart from Degas and Manet who came from
wealthy families, most Impressionist painters lived in relative poverty
and had difficulty selling their painting.
an age when "avant-garde" was a term of disapproval, the Impressionists
were championed by a few forward-looking dealers, and in particular by
Durand-Ruel who eventually found a market for Impressionist art outside
France, notably in London and New York. In due
course the French
art establishment took note, and thus by the end of the nineteenth
century these previously derided artists were starting to gain
recognition even in official circles. In his later years, Monet was
actually hailed as one of France's great artists, and some of the
waterlily paintings were painted on commission for the French
Locations, prices :
Marmottan: 2 rue Boilly, Paris 16. Metro line 9, station
Open 11 a.m. - 6 p.m. Closed on Mondays. Entrance (2015) 11
rate: 6.50 €
rue de Lille, Paris 7. On the other bank of the Seine, almost opposite
the Louvre. Metro solférino. Open 9.30 am to 6 pm Tuesday to
Late opening to 9.45 pm on Thursdays. Standard entrance (2015) : 11 €.
Youth up to 25 years: 8.50 €
de l'Orangerie: Jardin des tuileries Place de la
Concorde, Paris 1. Metro Concorde. Open 9 am - 6 pm except Tuesdays
(closed). Entrance: € 9 : reduced rate 6.50 €
ticket Orangerie / Orsay Museums: 16 € (Valid 4 days - 1 entry per
Warning - long delays:
are generally long queues to get into the main museums, for those who
have to purchase a ticket at the entrance. Avoid the queues buy buying
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Entrance to most Paris museums including the Louvre, the Musée d'Orsay and the Orangerie, is included in the Paris Pass
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Palais - Musée des Beaux Arts de la ville de Paris.
Winston Churchill, Paris 8. Metro Champs Elysées.
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