Rhone Alpes is one of the most prosperous regions of France, famous for its Alpine ski areas. But the region, which stretches from Lake Geneva to the Cevennes and Provence, is far more than just the French Alps.
Old Annecy - in Haute Savoie
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Rhone-Alpes - the area around LyonRhône-Alpes , centered on France's second city, Lyon, is one of the larger traditional regions in France, encompassing eight departments. Since 2016, it has been merged into a new larger region known as Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes.
With its three main cities, Lyon, Grenoble and St. Etienne, plus the area that includes the French suburbs of the Swiss city of Geneva, Rhone-Alpes is not only one of the largest areas in France, but also one of the more prosperous
The area includes all or a large part of different historic provinces, including the Savoy and the Dauphiné, as well as a small northern part of Provence, known as "Drome Provençal". It stretches from the plains of the Bresse, in the north, to the lower reaches of the Rhone, in the south; and from the highest peaks of the Alps, on the Italian border in the east, to beyond the Loire in the west. It has international borders with Switzerland and Italy, and lies astride the main lines of communication from northern and central France to these two countries.
Departments of the Rhone Alpes
The eight departments of the Rhone-Alpes area are, from northwest to southeast: the Rhône department (69), around and to the north of Lyon, the Ain (01) in the northeast, including the Bresse plain and the southern part of the Jura; the Haute Savoie (74) and Savoie (73), two Alpine departments; the Loire (42) to the east of Lyon, the Isère (38) stretching from the Italian border almost to Lyon, the Ardèche, (07), the dry eastern flank of the Massif Central, and the Drôme (26), mostly made up of the southwestern foothills of the Alps.
The diversity of the Rhône-Alpes areaThe area's identity is defined on the one hand by the river Rhone and its tributaries, and by the other hand by its Alpine uplands. The Rhône enters France at Geneva, follows a twisting course as far as Lyon, then heads due south towards the Mediterranean. From Lyon to the Mediterranean, the Rhone valley is one of Europe's major historic lines of communication, the shortest historic route between north and south, avoiding a crossing of the Alps or a large detour.
The area has a mixed economy: Lyon is traditionally a centre for the petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries, though also a major centre for service industries. Grenoble is one of the most important high-tech cities in France, a city which boomed in the high-tech revolution, when start-ups and international firms such as Hewlett Packard were attracted by the city's attractive location at the foot of the Alps. .
In the northeast of the region, there lies a very prosperous area made up of the French suburbs of Geneva and the resorts on the southern shores of Lake Geneva.
By contrast, St. Etienne is one of France's great industrial cities, with an economy based on coal and steel. The area around St. Etienne is an industrial heartland; and although the mines have closed, some heavy industry still survives.
Rural areasThe northern departments of the Rhone Alpes region are relatively prosperous agricultural areas; but in the three main Alpine departments, the rural economy is heavily dependent on tourism, both in summer and winter. These Alpine departments boast many of the most popular, most accessible and most prestigious ski areas in France . The hilly country of the Drome and Ardèche departments does not offer a lot of good agricultural land, except in the valleys, where fruit and vegetables are a major industry; but in recent years, both these industries have suffered on account of cheaper imports from southern Europe. The Ardèche is a particularly dry department, offering the northernmost expanses of classic Mediterranean hinterland, "garrigue" or arid hills covered in scrub and coarse vegetation.
VineyardsThe Rhône-Alpes region also has some reputed vineyard areas, in particular the Beaujolais area to the north of Lyon, and the northern part of the Côtes du Rhône area south of Lyon. Among the most attractive are the terraced vineyards around the steep-sided Rhone valley between Vienne and Valence, with appellations such as Crozes-Hermitage, Saint Joseph, and Côte Rôtie. Rather less well-known are the vineyards of the Savoy area, which produce some good fruity white wines, and the vineyards of the Ardèche which produce Mediterranean-style reds
Access to Rhone AlpesAccess by train (direct TGV) from Paris Gare de Lyon or from Marseilles, Brussels, and other cities. Lyon is just 2hrs by TGV train from Paris.
Access by car from the UK: the easiest way is to cross to Calais, then drive down the motorway via Rheims and Dijon, avoiding Paris.
Access by plane: Lyon St. Exupéry airport has good connections throughout Europe, and is a hub for Easyjet. There are also airports with flights from the UK in Grenoble and Chambéry. Just outside the region (just a kilometre from the French border), Geneva Cointrin airport has a wide range of international and intercontinental flights.
The Pont d'Arc, over the Ardèche river.
Tain l'Hermitage and its Côtes du Rhône vineyards
The train du Vivarais at Tournon
Inside the Caverne de l'Arcèche prehistoric centre
The Renaissance quarter of Old Lyon
Annecy and Lake Annecy -
Cablecar above Chamonix
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Photos of Annecy by TpsDave and Paul Roden
Chamonix cablecar by Simon