Photo above: bucolic landscape in the Jura
is the Jura?
What is the Journal
Officiel ? And of what French city was former
prime-minister Alain Juppé
the mayor ? Here are the answers to these questions and
others concerning French words or names beginning with J
moins un) :
expression applied on the day before an event, or, figuratively, the
: Of Franco-Norwegian origin, Eva Joly was one of France's high profile
investigating magistrates before becoming better known as a militant
environmental campaigner. In 2011, she was selected to run as the
candidate of Europe-Ecologie-les Verts, the French Green party, in the 2012 presidential
Forthright and outspoken in a manner uncommon in the world of
French politics, she caused major stirs in the early days of
campaigning, but lost a lot of support as a result, even from supposed
allies in the environmental movement.
Jospiniste) - born
1937 : Socialist Prime Minister of France from 1997
to 2002. Jospin served as Minister of Education under Prime Minister
Michel Rocard from 1988 to 1992; before and after this period, he was
first secretary (leader) of the French Socialist party. In
1995, he was selected as socialist candidate in the Presidential
election, and was only narrowly defeated in the second round by Jacques
Chirac. In 1997, Jospin led the socialists to a decisive
victory at the general election, and was subsequently called by Chirac
to form a Socialist government.
Though once a Trotskyist, and reputed as a
left-winger, Jospin proved to be a very middle-of-the -road Prime
Minister. His government introduced the much maligned principle of the
official 35-hour working week, but also oversaw the privatisation of a
number of state industries and tax reductions. In 2002, he was beaten
into third place by the National Front leader Jean-Marie Le Pen in the
first round of the presidential election.
public holiday, bank holiday. The following days are public holidays
("jours fériés") in France, when all
or most shops tend to
be shut. For a list of jours fériés, see Public holidays in France
Unlike in the UK, when a public holiday falls during a
weekend, there is no extra compensating holiday on the following
Monday. However, "le pont" - the bridge - is a popular French
institution, and when a public holiday falls on a Tuesday or a
Thursday, many workplaces remain closed for the Monday or Friday too,
meaning that certain services will be closed for four days. However,
shops and banks and post offices tend to open normally when there is a
the principal evening news programme on French TV,, particularly the 8
p.m news programme on the independent (commercial) channel TF1. TF1 and
France2, the two main TV channels in France, both schedule their main
evening news programme at prime time, from 8 p.m to 8.45 p.m each
is the official publication of the French government. Laws and decrees
come into effect once they have been published in the J.O.
holiday, bank holiday. See Public
holidays in France
traditional French working and shopping day is broken by a long break
for lunch, typically from midday to 2 p.m. The
continue" is the more modern approach, where workers just take a very
short lunch break, and shops remain open all day.
14th : Le quatorze Juillet,
Bastille Day, the French National Day, and a public holiday.
This day commemorates the fall of the Bastille prison in
1789, the defining moment of the French Revolution.
Alain (born 1945) : conservative
politician, Foreign Minister 1993 - 1995, Prime Minister of
France from 1995 to 1997, under President Jacques Chirac.
2004 Juppé was convicted of mishandling public funds, and
public life. To the surprise of many, he nevertheless retained the
confidence and support of many of his supporters and political
stablemates, including Chirac, and in 2006 began a political
comeback, being reelected as mayor of Bordeaux , and
remaining in this job until early 2019. In 2007, he was
briefly minister for the environment, but resigned from this
job after failing to get reelected to parliament by voters in his
Bordeaux constituency, a city of which he remains mayor. He returned to
government in March 2011, recalled by Nicolas Sarkozy to replace
Foreign Secretary Michèle Aliot Marie, who was ousted
revelations of her dealings with former but recently ousted North
In 2019 he was appointed to the Conseil
constitutionnel, or Constitutional council
(1) A rural French department (no. 39) in the Franche Comté
capital Lons le Saunier. .
(2) Mountain range
along the French Swiss border, running south-west / north-east from the
Rhone valley near Geneva to the Belfort gap, mostly
in the area of Franche-Comté.
The main towns are
Pontarlier and Saint Claude. Among the oldest mountains in France, the
limestone Jura rise on the French side through a series of plateaux and
folds, reaching their peaks, at between 1400 and 1700 metres, more or
less on the Swiss border. On the Swiss side of the border, the range
falls away much more steeply. The plateaux of the Jura are cut into by
a number of deep gorges, the most dramatic being those of the Ain, the
Doubs and the Loue rivers. The Jura is mainly a mix of pastures and
coniferous forest, with deciduous forests on the lower levels; it is
famous for its mountain cheeses (Comté, Mont d'Or),
and for its watch and clockmaking industry, which is closely linked to
the Swiss watch industry.
(3) Wine. Possibly the most underrated of French white wines, Jura
wines come from the west-facing slopes of the Jura hills,
that look out across the wide Saône valley to the slopes of Burgundy on the
side. The best and most distinctive of Jura whites are made from the
"Savagnin" grape variety, which is found only in this region, and gives
the wine a distinctive sherry-like taste. further information on the wines page.
Name of one of the central Paris
university campuses, occupied
essentially by science departments of three Paris universities. The
campus, whose main buildings were built between 1958 and 1971, has
never been completed, and the campus is still a building site, on
account of the massive ongoing programme to remove the asbestos from
classrooms, laboratories and offices. In 2007, many of the services of
the University of Paris VII left the Jussieu campus for a new campus
near the Seine.
Something missing? If you cannot find a word,
phrase or name that you believe we ought to have included in this
Dictionary of France, please contact About-France.com. Dictionary
editors will consider your request, and if appropriate include a
definition of the missing term at the next update.